These individuals are often described as cold, indifferent, and detached. According to Horney's adolescent diaries her father was "a cruel disciplinary figure," who also held his son Berndt in higher regard than Karen.
Expansive types also tend to keep people around them. Instead of being offended or feeling indignation over Karen's perceptions of him, her father brought her gifts from far-away countries. She entered psychoanalysis to help her cope. While non-neurotic individuals may strive for these needs, neurotics exhibit a much deeper, more willful and concentrated desire to fulfill the said needs.
Psychoanalysis has exerted a powerful influence on our thinking about human nature it has been questioned as a scientific theory. The ideal self is the type of person we feel that we should be. Fear of helplessness and abandonment occurs—phenomena Horney refers to as " basic anxiety ". Men please this need only through external ways; Horney proposed that the striking accomplishments of men in work or some other field can be viewed as compensation for their inability to give birth to children.
Karen Horney was one of the main critics to this theory and suggests that it is demeaning to women and highly inaccurate. Also, Horney countered Freud's assumption that women had a weaker superego and that they suffered from "penis envy.
The Struggle Toward Self-Realizationher major work published in Manipulative qualities aside, under Horney's assertions the expansive individual may also wish for social recognition, not necessarily in terms of limelight, but in terms of simply being known perhaps feared by subordinates and peers alike.
This was in contrast to the opinions of her contemporaries who believed neurosis was, like more severe mental conditions, a negative malfunction of the mind in response to external stimuli, such as bereavementdivorce or negative experiences during childhood and adolescence.
Having first-hand experience with depression in her childhood, Horney dedicated her time and work into school. Janet Sayers argues that although Horney's "rejection of Freud's work in the name of women's self-esteem has certainly inspired many feminists," she herself "was far too much of an individualist ever to engage in collective political struggle—feminist or otherwise.
Karl Marx also influenced Adler; most believe this was due Tohis views on communism and capitalism. Pioneer of feminist psychology. Horney accepted that penis envy might occur occasionally in neurotic women, but stated that " womb envy " occurs just as much in men: These patients are treated with psychotherapeutic modalities such as supportive psychotherapy, and psychoanalytic psychotherapy, all based on Horney's ideas.
She then took up a teaching position within the Institute. Education[ edit ] Against her parents' wishes, Horney entered medical school in Satisfying these needs will not help us feel safe and secure but will aid only in desire to escape the discomfort caused by our anxiety.Four notable neo-Freudians include Alfred Adler, Erik Erikson, Carl Jung (pronounced “Yoong”), and Karen Horney (pronounced “HORN-eye”).
ALFRED ADLER. Alfred Adler, a colleague of Freud’s and the first president of the Vienna Psychoanalytical Society (Freud’s inner circle of colleagues), was the first major theorist to break away from Freud ().
Karen Horney and Alfred Adler are two very similar yet different neo-analytic theorists. At first glance, it may appear that Horney stole some of Adler's best ideas. It is, of course, quite conceivable that she was influenced by Adler.
It is clear, for example, that Horney’s three neurotic solutions are very close to Adler's personality typology. Among those we will discuss are Alfred Adler and what he called Individual Psychology, Carl Jung’s Individual Psychology, Erik and Erikson’s Ego Psychology.
We will also talk briefly about Karen Horney, Harry Stack Sullivan and Erik Fromm. Alfred Adler and Karen Horney I agree with Alfred Adler when he states that a sense of inferiority drives people to succeed. I can relate to this theory because I. Four notable neo-Freudians include Alfred Adler, Erik Erikson, Carl Jung (pronounced “Yoong”), and Karen Horney (pronounced “HORN-eye”).
ALFRED ADLER Alfred Adler, a colleague of Freud’s and the first president of the Vienna Psychoanalytical Society (Freud’s inner circle of colleagues), was the first major theorist to break away from Freud ([link]). Alfred Adler & Harry Stack Sullivan Neo-Freudian Perspectives.
Erik Erikson & Development Throughout Life One is that the lower-class Negro family differs from the middle-class white family and seems by comparison to be “disorganized.” Kelland, Mark.
"Personality Theory". OER Commons. Institute for the Study of Knowledge Management.Download